CoxHealth surgeons offer minimally invasive robotic surgery
as an option to treat rectal cancer.
Rectal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells
form in the tissues of the rectum, a part of your digestive system. Surgery is the most common treatment for all
stages of rectal cancer. The cancer is removed using one of the following types
Polypectomy: If the cancer is found in a polyp
(a small piece of bulging tissue), the polyp is often removed during a colonoscopy.
Cryosurgery: A treatment that uses an instrument
to freeze and destroy abnormal tissue, such as carcinoma in situ. This type of
treatment is also called cryotherapy.
Local excision: If the cancer is found on the
inside surface of the rectum and has not spread into the wall of your rectum,
the cancer and a small amount of surrounding healthy tissue is removed.
Resection: If the cancer has spread into the
wall of the rectum, the section of the rectum with cancer and nearby healthy
tissue is removed. Sometimes the tissue between your rectum and your abdominal
wall is also removed. The lymph nodes near your rectum are removed and checked
under a microscope for signs of cancer.
Radiofrequency ablation: The use of a special
probe with tiny electrodes that kill cancer cells. Sometimes the probe is
inserted directly through your skin and only local anesthesia is needed. In
other cases, the probe is inserted through an incision in the abdomen. This is
done in the hospital with general anesthesia.
Pelvic exenteration: If the cancer has spread to
other organs near your rectum, the lower colon, rectum, and bladder are
removed. In women, the cervix, vagina, ovaries and nearby lymph nodes may be
removed. In men, the prostate may be removed. Artificial openings are made for urine and stool to flow from your
body to a collection bag.
If you’ve been diagnosed with rectal cancer, ask you
physician if you’re a candidate for robotic surgery. Robotic procedures use
small incisions and typically offer less blood loss, shorter hospital stays and