Lifestyle changes are key to treating or preventing prediabetes.
Watch your weight.
If you’re overweight, losing just a small amount of weight may help. Reducing fat around your waist is particularly important.
Make healthy food choices. Limit how much fat you eat, and try to eat foods that are high in fiber. Try to eat about the same amount of carbohydrate at each meal to help keep your blood sugar steady. Carbohydrate affects blood sugar more than other nutrients. It’s found in sugar and sweets, grains, fruit, starchy vegetables, and milk and yogurt. Talk to your doctor, a diabetes educator or a dietitian about an eating plan that will work for you. There are many ways to manage how much and when you eat.
You can do moderate activity, vigorous activity or both. Bit by bit, increase the amount you do every day. You may want to swim, bike or do other exercise you enjoy. Walking is an easy way to get exercise.
Quitting smoking can help reduce your risk of getting prediabetes, type 2 diabetes and other health problems. Quitting can also reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke. CoxHealth offers tobacco cessation classes and counseling.
Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control. If you have prediabetes, you’re more likely to get heart disease than someone with normal blood sugar levels. High cholesterol also increases your risk for type 2 diabetes.
By following these steps, you may also avoid or delay some of the serious problems you can develop when you have diabetes, such as heart attack, stroke, and heart, eye, nerve, and kidney disease. If your physicians prescribe medicine to help control your blood sugar, be sure you take it as instructed.