Head, neck and oral cancers are cancers of the tongue, mouth, tonsil, larynx, pharynx, parotid gland, salivary gland and sinuses.
Oral cancer may develop in any part of your mouth. Risk factors include smoking or chewing tobacco, and excessive use of alcohol.
Head and neck cancer treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or a combination of these treatments. Most patients receiving treatment to areas of the head and neck will develop side effects. The side effects are related to the location of the cancer and the type of treatment you receive. Some possible side effects include: dry mouth, taste changes, difficulty swallowing, sores in your mouth or throat, fatigue, changes in your voice, skin changes, poor appetite, nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhea.
Laryngeal cancer occurs when malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the larynx. The larynx (voice box) is located just below the pharynx (throat) in the neck, and contains the vocal cords, which vibrate and make sound when air is directed against them. The sound echoes through the pharynx, mouth, and nose to make your voice.